Sinus Infection Treatment
What is Sinus (Sinusitis)?
A sinus is a hollow space in the body. There are many types of sinus, but sinusitis affects the paranasal sinuses, the spaces behind the face that lead to the nasal cavity.
The paranasal sinuses have the same mucous membrane lining as the nose. They produce a slimy secretion called mucus. This keeps the nasal passages moist and traps dirt particles and germs. The problem isn’t the sinuses themselves. They’re just hollow air spaces within the bones between your eyes, behind your cheekbones, and in the forehead. They make mucus, which keep the inside of your nose moist. That, in turn, helps protect against dust, allergens, and pollutants.
Sinusitis occurs when mucus builds up and the sinuses become inflamed. If the tissue in your nose is swollen from allergies, a cold, or something in the environment, it can block the sinus passages. Your sinuses can’t drain, and you may feel pain.
There are eight sinus cavities in total. They are paired, with one of each in the left and right side of the face.
- Two sinus cavities are in your forehead.
- Two are behind each cheekbone.
- Two sinus cavities are within the bones between your eyes.
- Two are behind each eye.
Doctors often refer to sinusitis as rhinosinusitis, because inflammation of the sinuses nearly always occurs with inflammation of the nose known as rhinitis.
How many types of Sinus exists?
Sinusitis always involves nasal swelling and a buildup of mucus, but there are different types, and they can last for different lengths of time.
The different types are:
- Acute Sinusitis: This lasts up to 4 weeks and is the most common type.
- Subacute Sinusitis: Symptoms last longer than the normal acute period, for between 4 and 12 weeks
- Chronic Sinusitis: Symptoms persist, or continually return, after 12 weeks. It may need more invasive treatment, and possibly surgery.
Recovery time and treatment depend on the type of sinusitits.
What cause Sinus problem?
Sinusitis can stem from various factors, but it always results from fluid becoming trapped in the sinuses. This fuels the growth of germs.
- Viruses: In adults, 90 percent cases of sinusitis result from a virus
- Bacteria: In adults, 1 case in 10 is caused by bacteria
- Pollutants: Chemicals or irritants in the air can trigger a buildup of mucus
- Fungi: The sinuses either react to fungi in the air, as in allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS), or they are invaded by fungi, as in chronic indolent sinusitis.
- Nasal polyps: These tissue growths can block the nasal passages or sinuses.
What role Nasal Polyps play in Sinus Infection?
Nasal polyps are soft, painless, noncancerous growths on the lining of your nasal passages or sinuses. They hang down like teardrops or grapes. They result from chronic inflammation and are associated with asthma, recurring infection, allergies, drug sensitivity or certain immune disorders.
Nasal polyps are associated with irritation and swelling (inflammation) of the lining of your nasal passages and sinuses that lasts more than 12 weeks (chronic sinusitis).
However, it’s possible to have chronic sinusitis without nasal polyps.
Nasal polyps themselves are soft and lack sensation, so if they’re small, you may not be aware you have them. Multiple growths or a large polyp may block your nasal passages and sinuses.
What is Sinus Rinse?
Sinus rinsing can remove dust, pollen and other debris, as well as help to loosen thick mucus. It can also help relieve nasal symptoms of sinus infections, allergies, colds and flu. Plain water can irritate your nose.
Rinsing sinuses with a saline solution might have soothing short-term benefits, but it could actually make you more prone to infections in the long run by stripping your nose of critical immune soldiers.
What are Sinus Infection Symptoms (Symptoms of sinusitis)
Symptoms vary, depending on the length and severity of the infection.
If the patient has two or more of the following symptoms and thick, green or yellow nasal discharge, they may be diagnosed with acute sinusitis.
- facial pain and pressure
- blocked nose
- nasal discharge
- reduced sense of smell
In more advanced cases, the following symptoms may also be present:
- halitosis, or foul-smelling breath
What is Sinus Infection Treatment?
Treatment options depend on how long the condition lasts.
Most acute cases will resolve without treatment.
However, sinusitis can be uncomfortable, so people often use home remedies and over-the-counter (OTC) medications to relieve symptoms.
In the following cases, the person should see a doctor:
- Symptoms persist longer than 7 to 10 days.
- There is a fever higher than 101.5° Fahrenheit, or around 38.6° Celsius.
- There is a bad headache that does not resolve with over-the-counter (OTC) drugs.
- Visual disturbances occur, or there is swelling around the eyes.
- Symptoms continue after taking antibiotics prescribed by a physician.
If the sinusitis has a bacterial cause, a doctor may prescribe antibiotics. If symptoms remain after the course of medication is finished, the individual should return to the doctor.
Chronic sinusitis is not usually bacterial in nature, so antibiotics are unlikely to resolve symptoms. A fungal infection can be treated with antifungal drugs.
Corticosteroid sprays can help in recurrent cases, but these need a prescription and medical supervision.
In allergic sinusitis, treating allergies with shots or reducing and avoiding exposure to allergens like animal dander or mold can lessen the occurrence of chronic sinusitis.
Structural issues, such as a deviated septum, may need surgery. Surgery may also be advised if there are polyps, or if the sinusitis has resisted all other treatments.
Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) is the main procedure used for treatment, but other surgeries may be required as other parts of the nose are often affected. If a deviated septum is causing recurrent infections, for example, a septoplasty will be used to straighten out this bone and cartilage.
What is are the home remedies for sinus congestion
Less severe or recurrent cases of sinusitis can be treated at home without the need to visit a doctor.
These remedies can reduce pain and unblock the sinuses to allow proper drainage.
Home remedies for sinusitis include:
- Nasal irrigation: Also known as sinus irrigation, sinus rinse, or sinus lavage, this home procedure involves rinsing and clearing the nasal passages with salt water or a saline solution.
- Warm compress: Applying a warm compress gently to the affected areas of the face can relieve some swelling and discomfort.
- Painkillers: These can reduce symptoms of pain and fever.
- Steam inhalation: Breathing hot, moist air can provide relief from congestion. At home, steam from a bowl of hot water, possibly with some drops of essential menthol or eucalyptus oil, can help unblock the sinuses. Essential oils should not be applied directly or swallowed.
Decongestant tablets and sprays: These may reduce swelling and allow the sinuses to drain. Patients should not use sprays for more than 3 days. Decongestant tablets and sprays are available to purchase online.
- Hydration and rest: Drinking fluids regularly and avoiding overexertion can help the symptoms to pass.
A doctor or pharmacist can advise about these options and how to use them.
What is Microdebrider Sinus Surgery? Is it available at Mahavir ENT Hospital?
The microdebrider was originally patented in 1969 for the use of removing tumors around the acoustic nerve. Since that time, the use of the microdebrider was adopted as a surgical instrument for use in orthopedics and then for nasal and endoscopic sinus surgeries in the 1990s. This instrument is perhaps one of the most important innovations that have been brought into the field of rhinology.
The microdebrider is a cylindrical instrument that has a hollow tube with an inner and outer portion. At the end of the tube, both inner and outer portions of the tube have a blade that cuts tissue as the blades move back and forth. The catheter has continuous suction applied to the device so that cut tissue is captured and removed from the surgical area. The faster the blades move, the smaller the pieces, while the slower the blades are set, the larger the pieces.
Adavantages of Microdebrider Sinus Surgery
Microdebriders have many advantages. The first includes the variety of tips that can be used. Depending on the type of procedure being performed, some available products can come with pre-bent tips, which allows for easier access to difficult surgical locations (like in paranasal sinuses). Some tips also allow for 360-degree rotation (like the Straightshot M4 in the picture above), which allows for more accurate approaches to the tissue needing to be removed.
Blades also can be adjusted with the microdebrider. Straight-edged blades are more precise and can be less traumatic than other blades. While serrated blades provide a better grip for the surgeon. These blades can have the speed changed to allow for tighter precision of cutting as well as to cut bone. Common procedures that may use this for bone purposes include:
- Septoplasty associated with a deviated septum
- Septal spur resection
- Dacryocystorhinostomy associated with nasolacrimal duct obstruction
Who is the best Sinus Surgeon In Rajasthan?
Dr. Vineet Jain is known as the best Sinus Surgeon In Rajasthan. He has 16+ years of experience. He is an ENT specialist and chief surgeon at Mahavir ENT Hospital. At Mahavir ENT hospital we do have the most advanced State of the Art technology for the treatment of Sinusitis. We do Endoscopic Sinus Surgery using microdebrider. Our Results is tremendously mind-blowing, thousands of patients get cured of Sinus problem at Mahavir ENT Hospital. We operate hundreds of patients for Chronic Sinus problem every year and patients comes from far-by places to Mahavir ENT Hospital for their Sinus Treatment. Mahavir ENT Hospital is the biggest ENT facility in southeast Rajasthan.
क्वालिटी काउंसिल ऑफ इंडिया ने कोटा के महावीर ईएनटी हॉस्पिटल को इस वर्ष स्माल हैल्थ केअर प्रोग्राम के तहत कंट्रोल नेशनल एक्रिडिएशन बोर्ड ऑफ हॉस्पिटल (एनएबीएच) की मंजूरी दी है। यह हाड़ौती संभाग का प्रथम ईएनटी हॉस्पिटल है, जिसे राष्ट्रीय स्तर पर गुणवत्ता की मान्यता मिली है। एनएबीएच के सीईओ डाॅ. हरीश नदकर्णी के अनुसार, क्वालिटी काउंसिल ऑफ इंडिया देश की उच्चतम संस्था है, जो अस्पतालों के निरीक्षण व गुणवत्ता परखने के बाद यह सर्टिफिकेशन जारी करती है। केशलैस उपचार के लिए अस्पताल का एनएबीएच सर्टिफाइड होना अनिवार्य है। अस्पताल निदेशक डाॅ. विनीत जैन ने 2010 तक फ्रांस एवं जर्मनी में नाक, कान व गला (ईएनटी) की एडवांस ट्रेनिंग लेकर एंडोस्कोपी तकनीक में विशेषज्ञता हासिल की है।